At a certain point in time, the United States realized that the skies above were an important aspect in war and defense of our nation. While we continue to watch as the military continues to spread their presence in the skies and into outer space, I wanted to take a look back to the beginning of militarizing the skies.
In today’s post, I am going to share the top 11 Army Air Corps facts.
So scroll down and reflect on the history that started our rise to the skies.
Army Air Corps Fact #1: World War I
Not called the Army Air Corps yet, this aviation branch of the United States Army was created as United States Army Air Service in 1918. The start had approximately 280 airplanes, slightly over 1,000 enlisted soldiers and about 130 officers.
Army Air Corps Fact #2: Creation
U.S. Army Air Service became the Army Air Corps in 1926. This name change was a result of disagreements in the Army that ground forces should control the air units. This was a compromise, but the Air Corps’ primary duty was still support of ground forces.
Army Air Corps Fact #3: First Commander
The first commander of the Army Air Corps was Major General Mason Patrick.
While many of the Air Corps leadership desired to expand the Air Corps, the Great Depression made this difficult. The Air Corps groups from 1927 to 1937 were:
- The 18th Pursuit Group based at Wheeler Field, Hawaii
- The 7th Bombardment Group based at Rockwell Field, California
- The 12th Observation Group based at Brooks Field, Texas
- The 20th Pursuit Group based at Mather Field, California
- The 8th Pursuit Group based at Langley Field, Virginia
- The 17th Pursuit Group based at March Field, California
- The 19th Bomb Group based at Rockwell Field, California
- The 16th Pursuit Group based at Albrook Field in the Panama Canal Zone
- And the 10th Transport Group based at Patterson Field, Ohio
Army Air Corps Fact #5: Mail Delivery
In 1934, there was a huge mail scandal that involved the postmaster general and several airlines. The Army Air Corps was called on to do mail delivery until everything was sorted out.
Other posts you should read:
- The Top 20 Army Airborne Soldiers of All Time
- Top 10 Army Air Defense Artillery Units of All Time
- Army 14H MOS: Air Defense Enhanced Early Warning System Operator
- Army 140E Warrant Officer: Air and Missile Defense Tactician/Technician
- Air National Guard vs. Army National Guard: What they Have in Common and How They Are Different
Army Air Corps Fact #6: Tactical School
In 1931, The Army Air Corps put the Air Corps Tactical School at Maxwell Field, Alabama. They provided a 36 week course for officers that included military aviation theory.
Army Air Corps Fact #7: Suicidal?
Being in the Army Air Corps was considered nearly suicidal. To complete the required 30 missions, your odds of being killed was around 71%.
Army Air Corps Fact #8: Internal Gas (Farts) Killed Some Aircrew Members
The idea of dying from a fart just does not sound like my idea of a death I would want on the records.
Here Lies Greg
Farted His Way
You see, when planes quickly ascended to 20,000 feet in non-pressurized units, internal gas could expand to 300%.
Army Air Corps Fact #9: Becoming The Air Force
In 1941, the Army Air Corps became the United States Army Air Forces and soon after, became a separate military arm of the United States military.
The actual Army Air Corps continued to be a combat arm of the United States Army until 1947 when it was abolished.
Army Air Corps Fact #10: Chiefs of the Air Corps
Earlier, I told you who the first Chief of the Army Air Corps was, but let me go through the list of Army Air Corps Chiefs:
- Major General Mason M. Patrick, 2 July 1926 – 13 December 1927
- Major General James E. Fechet, 14 December 1927 – 19 December 1931
- Major General Benjamin D. Foulois, 20 December 1931 – 21 December 1935
- Major General Oscar M. Westover, 22 December 1935 – 21 September 1938
- Major General Henry H. Arnold, 29 September 1938 – 20 June 1941
- Major General George H. Brett, 20 June 1941 – 9 March 1942
Army Air Corps Fact #11: Some Well Known Names Who Served In The Army Air Corps
There have been some well known personalities who served with either the Army Air Corps or Army Air Forces. Let me tell you some:
- Glen Miller – Famed band leader Glen Miller wanted to serve and was accepted by the Army Air Forces. In 1944, the plane he was on disappeared and Major Glen Miller was never found.
- Charlton Heston – Before playing Moses, Heston joined the U.S. Army Air Forces in 1944 as an aerial gunner.
- Jimmy Stewart – This great actor enlisted in the Army Air Corps in 1941 and trained as a pilot. In 4 years, Jimmy went from Private to Colonel and in 1959, he became a Brigadier General.
- Clark Gable – He served in the U.S. Army Air Forces and received the Distinguished Flying Cross.
- Gene Autry – The great country musician was inducted into the Army Air Forces in 1942. As a pilot, he hauled fuel.
- Gene Roddenberry – From Star Trek fame, Gene was with the Army Air Corps as a combat pilot.
- Charles Bronson – He was a tail gunner with the Army Air Corps before he was killing people on screen.
There you have the top 11 Army Air Corps facts. Do you have any other facts you would add to this list? Do you have any questions?
I hope you learned a little more about how our Air Force came to be from today’s post.
Please share it with your social friends. Thank you.
About The Author
Greg Boudonck is a full time freelance writer and the author of over 50 books. He served in the United States Army in the early 1980’s and enjoys writing about military subjects. You can see Greg’s books on Amazon by searching his name and you can also visit his website at Lancerlife.com.