When considering the current operations of the United States Army, horses are not considered too much. But there was a day when horses were quite important to operations in the U.S. Army. I would say they had the importance that is now given to tanks or troop carriers.
In today’s post, I am going to examine the role of horses in the United States Army. I will provide 20 cool facts. So, scroll down and learn about how horses helped our Army through many years.
1: Indians Were Army Educators
Realizing that the natives could handle horses in battle with skill and precision, the U.S. Army employed some Indians to help train soldiers on the different methods of handling weapons and their horses in wars and battles.
2: Dragoons Of The War Of 1812
While some horse troops were used during the Revolutionary War, the primary method was on foot. There were no actual Cavalry or Horse units. In 1792, Congress approved Cavalry units known as Dragoons. During the War of 1812, the U.S. Army employed the 1st and 2nd U.S. Dragoons.
3: Dragons Disbanded In 1815
In 1815, it was determined that the cost of up keeping Cavalry forces was just too high. In 1815, all troops and officers were moved to Artillery units and the Dragoons were disbanded.
4: Mounted Rangers In 1832
As people decided to move West, the need for protection was determined for these settlers. It made no sense to use foot troops to protect these people. In 1832, the United States Mounted Ranger Battalion was formed to be the security for settlers on the Santa Fe Trail.
5: Dragoons To Cavalry
It was decided just before the Civil War that Dragoons would now be deemed Cavalry. Both soldiers and officers did not like this change, and they kept their Dragoon uniforms until they wore out and had to change to the Cavalry yellow uniforms.
6: Horses Were The Most Important Military Tool In The Civil War
Horses held a high level of importance when the Civil War broke out. While earlier wars used horses, this war put the horse as a “must have” tool just. Horse Regiments were numerous during the Civil War.
7: Horse Transport
During the Civil War, artillery and supply units had multiple horses and mules to transport supplies, and to pull the guns where they were needed.
8: Union Horses – Confederate Horses
During the Civil War, the Union supplied troops with horses, but the Confederacy required that troops supply their own horses. Many Confederate soldiers were allowed to keep their horse at the war’s end.
9: Officers Only
During the Spanish/American War, only officers were allowed to be mounted on horses. This is because of the transport of the animals to Cuba.
10: Horse Deaths In World War I
Over 8,000,000 horses were killed during World War I.
11: The Phase Out
Horses began to be phased out of the U.S. Army towards the end of World War I.
12: World War II Had Only 1 Cavalry Unit
During World War II, the United States Army had only 1 Cavalry Unit… the 26th Cavalry.
13: Patton On Cavalry In World War II
“Had we possessed an American cavalry division with pack artillery in Tunisia and in Sicily, not a German would have escaped.”
14: Last Cavalry Charge
The last horse Cavalry charge was in January of 1942 by the 26th Cavalry at Bataan, Philippines.
15: Last Horse Charge
The last charge by horse, but not with a unit considered Cavalry was in April of 1945 by The 10th Mountain Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop.
16: Hierarchy Of Horse Cavalry In 1944
The Hierarchy of the Horse Cavalry Rifle Troop in 1944 was:
Troop commander (captain) pistol
1st sergeant pistol
Stable staff sergeant pistol
Bugler (private) pistol
Intelligence scout (private) rifle and pistol
Clerk (corporal) rifle and pistol
Orderly (private) rifle and pistol
Three horse-holders, one with pack horse (privates) rifles and pistols
Saddler with pack horse (private) rifle and pistol
Two pack drivers with pack horses for ammunition (privates) rifles and pistols
Mess sergeant rifle and pistol
Three cooks, one in wagon (privates) rifles and pistols
Wagoner with four horses and wagon (private)
Two pack drivers with pack horses (privates) rifles and pistols
Two cook helpers with pack horses (privates) rifles and pistols
Platoon leader (Second Lieutenant) pistol
Platoon sergeant (Staff Sergeant) rifle and pistol
Two intelligence scouts (privates) rifles and pistols
File Closer Sergeant rifle and pistol
Three basic riflemen (privates) rifles and pistols
Three rifle squads
Squad leader (corporal) rifle and pistol
Two Riflemen (privates) rifles and pistols
Two Horse holders (privates) rifles and pistols
Two Scouts (privates) rifles and pistols
Second-in-command (private) rifle and pistol
17: Modern Army Horses
Modern army horses are used for reconnaissance, ceremonial, or crowd control purposes.
During war in Afghanistan, Army Special Forces did use horses in the mountain terrain.
Modern Cavalry units still recognize their days of horses with several traditions including:
and Fiddler’s Green Poem
20: Well-Known U.S. Army Calvarymen
There have been some names that are well-known that were U.S. Cavalrymen. Here are some:
and yes, General George Patton was also a Cavalryman.
I believe we owe a sense of dedication to Army horses. They have helped us become the nation we are.
What are your thoughts?
Leave your comments below. Thank you.
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