Today, I’m going to share with you some historical information about the Major General Joshua Chamberlain and the Battle of Little Round Top.
I’ve chosen this battle because I grew up in Maine and therefore think very highly of the 20th Maine Volunteer Regiment.
In fact, Major General Joshua Chamberlain is one of my favorite Army Generals of all time (right behind General Patton).
In case you don’t already know who he is, MG Joshua Chamberlain, then a Colonel, led the 20th Maine Volunteer Regiment at the Battle of Little Round Top, in Gettysburg during the Civil War.
His bayonet charge eventually helped defeat the Confederates and earned him the Congressional Medal of Honor.
Here are a few quick facts about the Battle of Little Round Top:
- Little Round Top is two miles south of Gettysburg Battlefield
- The battle happened on July 2nd, 1863, which was the second day at Gettysburg
- Confederate participants were the Alabama Brigade of Hood’s Division, commanded by Brigadier General Law. This included the 4th, 15th, and 47th Alabama Regiments and the 4th and 5th Texas Regiments.
- Union forces were 20th Maine, 16th Michigan, 44th New York and 20th Maine Regiment.
- Initially, the Confederates were attacking and the Union Soldiers were in the defense.
- Despite heavy losses, the 20th Maine Regiment held through two Confederate subsequent charges.
- After these charges, his men were nearly out of ammunition, so he ordered a “right wheel forward” maneuver and then did a frontal assault against the Confederates.
- The 20th Maine charged down Little Round Top and captured/killed the enemy.
- This was a major victory for Union forces.
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Here are a few quick facts about Joshua Chamberlain:
- He was born in 1828 in Maine.
- He attended Bowdoin College in Maine.
- In college, he was a great student and talented musician.
- He attended Bangor Theological Seminary in Maine.
- He and his wife Fanny had five children (only two made it to adulthood).
- After seminary, he became a professor at Bowdoin College.
- When the Civil War started, he volunteered and was given a commission as a Lieutenant Colonel with the 20th Maine Regiment.
- He participated in 20 battles during the Civil War and had more than six horses shot out from under him.
- He was wounded six times.
- And, he was personally chosen by General Grant to accept the surrender of the Confederates at Appomattox.
- He retired as a Major General.
- After the war, he became Governor of Maine for four terms.
- After his fourth term, he was appointed as the Bowdoin College President.
- He was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for the Battle of Little Round Top (thirty years after the battle).
- He died in 1914.
If you have never visited the Gettysburg Battlefield, you should.
In my opinion, it’s important to study history, so you don’t end up repeating the same mistakes in the future.
It’s also a great way to study tactics, leadership, and military history.
You can learn more about the Battle of Little Round Top by visiting the link below:
Do you have any questions or comments?
Please post them below.
Have a great day!