There are many civilians, and even a few military people that do not completely understand the Distinguished Service Cross (DSC). My goal is to help fix that. The DSC is highly respected, and anyone who has been awarded it has every right to be proud.
In today’s post, I have done some extensive research and will provide you with some interesting information. These are 10 things you should know about the Distinguished Service Cross.
The Distinguished Service Cross: Cool Facts
What do you know about the DSC? Let’s test your knowledge of the award and see what you can learn!
# 1: Second Highest Military Award
The Army Distinguished Service Cross is the second highest award an Army officer or soldier can attain. The only award that is higher is the esteemed Congressional Medal of Honor. The equivalents in the other service branches are the Navy Cross (Navy and Marines), the Air Force Cross, and the Coast Guard Cross.
# 2: No Comparison To The Distinguished Service Medal
The Distinguished Service Cross was first awarded during World War I. In addition, a number of awards were bestowed for actions which took place before World War I. The Distinguished Service Cross is only awarded for actions in combat, while the Distinguished Service Medal has no such restriction. ~ Wikipedia
While the Distinguished Service Medal is a huge honor to be presented with, it is not the same level of the Distinguished Service Cross. The main difference in my opinion is: you risk your life to earn the Distinguished Service Cross, whereas the Distinguished Service Medal is awarded to those who provide meritorious service to the government. I have noticed that many people think these two awards are the same. They are not!
# 3: How it All Began
In 1918, President Woodrow Wilson established the Distinguished Service Cross to overtake the Certificate of Merit. Later that year, Congress agreed and this prestigious award was implemented. Someone awarded the Certificate of Merit in previous wars had them upgraded to the Distinguished Service Cross.
# 4: Earliest Awards
I mentioned in #3 about Certificates of Merit being upgraded to the Distinguished Service Cross. The earliest of these were in the Indian Campaigns in which seven awards were issued. Those lasted from 1861-1898.
# 5: How Many Have Been Awarded?
Since its establishment, over 13,000 of these prestigious awards have been awarded. The amount in each branch are:
These service members risked their lives and limbs in service to the United States of America.
# 6: Requirements to Qualify
The act or acts of heroism must have been so notable and have involved risk of life so extraordinary as to set the individual apart from his or her comrades. ~ Smithsonian
The Distinguished Service Cross is awarded to anyone serving the United States Army who shows extreme heroism while engaged against an enemy of the United States, but does not justify awarding the Medal of Honor. The act must be so noteworthy and of risk to their own lives that it sets that person apart from all others in the same unit.
# 7: Two Famous People Who Received It
It probably isn’t something you must know, but it is quite interesting all the same. These are two famous people you may not know were awarded the Distinguished Service Cross:
The great actor Audie Murphy 1925-1971. In World War II, this actor starred in many westerns and the great movie: To Hell And Back, earned almost every award possible that a Soldier could possibly earn. He received both the Congressional Medal of Honor and the Distinguished Service Cross, along with many other awards.
Alexander Haig 1924-2010 was a great politician. He served as Secretary of State under President Reagan, and as White House Chief of Staff under President’s Nixon and Ford. Haig was a veteran of both Korea and Vietnam, and he was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross.
During the first wave of the Allied invasion of southern France, Murphy received the Distinguished Service Cross for action taken on 15 August 1944. After landing on Yellow Beach near Ramatuelle, Murphy’s platoon was making its way through a vineyard when the men were attacked by German soldiers. He retrieved a machine gun that had been detached from the squad and returned fire at the German soldiers, killing two and wounding one. ~ Wikipedia
# 8: Generals Who Were Awarded The DSC
The United States had some of her greatest leaders earn the Army Distinguished Service Cross. When a leader risks their life for their soldiers, you know you reside in a great country. These are Generals who have been awarded the DSC:
4 Star General Walton Walker: 1889-1950. Served in World War I, II, and Korea.
Major General William Mitchell: 1879-1936. Served in World War I.
Major General Robert Beightler: 1892-1978. Served in World Wars I and II.
4 Star General William Hoge: 1894-1979. Served in World War I, II, and Korea.
4 Star General William Momyer: 1916-2012. Served in World War II and Vietnam.
Lieutenant General Thomas Trapnell: 1902-2002. Served in World War II and Korea.
4 Star General James Lindsay: 1932-Date. Served in Vietnam.
Lieutenant General William Tunner: 1906-1983. Served in World War II and Korea.
Brigadier General David “Tex” Hill: 1915-2007. Served in World War II and Korea.
Lieutenant General Richard Sutherland: 1893-1966. Served in the Pancho Villa Expedition, World Wars I and II.
4 Star General Courtney Hodges: 1887-1966. It needs to be noted that he rose from private to general. He served in World War I and II.
4 Star General Carl Spaatz: 1891-1974. Served in the Mexican Expedition, World Wars I and II.
Major General William Dean: 1899-1981. Served in World War II and Korea.
4 Star General Mark Clark: 1896-1984. Served in World Wars I and II and in Korea.
Brigadier General Paul Tibbets: 1915-2007. Pilot of the Enola Gay that bombed Hiroshima. He served in World War II.
4 Star General George Patton: 1885-1945. Served in the Mexican Revolution, World War I and II.
5 Star General Douglas MacArthur: 1880-1964. Served in the Mexican Revolution, World War I, II, and Korea.
# 9: Foreign Recipients
We must remember there have been non-citizens who have laid their lives on the line for the U.S. In research, I discovered people of these nationalities have been awarded the Distinguished Service Cross:
# 10: Most Awards Earned by One Person
He earned an amazing 10 Distinguished Service Crosses, but one was taken away…it was upgraded to the Medal Of Honor. Major Eddie Rickenbacker was one of the greatest fighter pilots the United States ever had. His service during World War I earned him a wide range of awards.
In summary, the Distinguished Service Cross is a prestigious military award for heroism. It’s second, right behind the Congressional Medal of Honor. Anyone nominated or awarded the DSC should be proud of their military service.
If you or someone you know has earned this honor, please tell us about it. Just leave a comment below to do so. I hope you learned something in this post…I know I learned a lot in researching for it. Thank you.