Listed below I am sharing the five step Army Training Planning Process used by Commanders at all levels in the Army.
1) METL – The Army Training Planning Process begins with the unit METL. All units that are company sized and higher have a unit METL, which is the Mission Essential Task List (the critical skills a unit must perform to accomplish its wartime mission). Typically the METL has 4-6 tasks. Normally, a list of tasks can be found in the ARTEP. The Commander picks the tasks he or she deems are the most critical.
2) Commander’s Assessment – The Commander assesses the unit METL immediately after all unit training. The commander “grades” the unit on a T, P, U scale. T stands for trained, P stands for proficient and U stands for Untrained. Only a higher headquarters can give the unit a T rating for METL Tasks. The Unit Commander normally uses the P and U grades. To make an assessment, the Commander makes a personal assessment and also gets input from his subordinate leaders.
3) Commander’s Guidance – After the Commander has updated the Unit METL, he or she creates their Commander’s Guidance. This establishes his/her priorities for the year and specifies which training tasks will be worked on in the upcoming year.
4) Training Plan – Once the Commander’s Guidance is finished (and gets approved by Higher HQs), the Commander creates a Training Plan for the unit. This is simply the “action plan” the unit will follow in order to reach the Commander’s Goals for the year. These are the specific training events and tasks the units will focus on. This Training Plan gets finalized and updated on the Yearly Training Calendar and Training Schedule.
5) Execute Training – The final step in the process is to execute the training. Once the training has been planned and resourced, the unit will execute the training.
This cycle simply repeats itself each year. It is an ongoing process. You can learn more about these steps in FM 25-101.
Do you have any information you can add to the Army Training Process? Do you have any questions? You can post your comments or questions in the area below; thank you.