In the Army, there are three different types of Army Officers.
There are Commissioned Officers, Warrant Officers and Non-Commissioned Officers.
My goal today is to give you a brief overview about each type of officer and to talk about the different ways to earn your commission.
Let’s get started.
# 1 Non-Commissioned Officers: Also known as NCO’s, these leaders hold the rank of either Corporal, Sergeant, Staff Sergeant, Sergeant First Class, Master Sergeant, First Sergeant, Sergeant Major or Command Sergeant Major.
NCOs are first line leaders of Soldiers.
They handle the individual training and the discipline, welfare and morale for Soldiers.
They also advise Commissioned Officers on Soldier issues.
NCOs are the backbone of the Army.
They handle the day-to-day affairs in the Army and keep things running smoothly.
NCOs execute the mission plans that the Commissioned Officers create.
# 2 Warrant Officers: Warrant Officers are Subject Matter Experts and technicians.
They serve in a variety of career fields to include pilots, food service technicians, information technology technicians, maintenance technicians, personnel managers and much more.
Most Warrant Officers serve on staffs and advise commanders on their specific area of expertise.
Other Warrant Officers manage sections.
Most Warrant Officers previously served as NCOs, prior to being appointed as a Warrant Officer.
Most pilots are Warrant Officers, too.
Serving as a Warrant Officer might just be the best kept secret in the Army.
# 3 Commissioned Officers: Army Officers are commissioned by the President of the United States.
Army Officers begin their Army service as young leaders, providing a mixture of valuable skills and knowledge.
With their self-discipline, ambition, confidence, and judgment, they use their dynamic problem solving skills to identify solutions and accomplish the mission.
These officers hold the ranks of Second Lieutenant, First Lieutenant, Captain, Major, Lieutenant Colonel, Colonel, Brigadier General, Major General, Lieutenant General and General.
The primary mission of an officer is to plan for missions, develop OPORDs, develop leaders and create policies and procedures.
What Army Commissioned Officers Do
Army Commissioned Officers are responsible for completing demanding missions while ensuring the welfare, morale, and professional development of their Soldiers.
Their primary mission is to lead troops in combat.
Army Officers have a proud, unique heritage in the United States Army.
Dating back to 1775, many of America’s most influential people previously served as Army Officers.
Some of the more famous Army Officers include General Patton, President Eisenhower, General Custer, President Teddy Roosevelt, President Ulysses Grant, and countless others.
Army Officers lead Soldiers in combat and peacetime.
They manage tasks and lead Soldiers.
Army Officers accomplish their mission through others.
Army Officers must be tactically and technically proficient.
They must thoroughly understand military tactics and have a keen sense of leadership.
They must be calm, poised and confident at all times.
The major difference between Army Officers and their civilian counterparts is their level of responsibility.
The Army entrusts a great deal of responsibility among all Army Officers.
In fact, few civilian agencies or companies would give a young 22-25 year old manager the same responsibility the Army gives a new Lieutenant or Captain.
As an Army Officer progresses through the officer ranks, they could eventually lead 5,000 to 20,000 or more Soldiers.
Other Posts You Might Enjoy:
- From Bad Army Officer to Top Block Army Officer: My Story of How I Did It
- The Army Officer Oath of Office: What You Should Know
- Army Officer Military Service Obligation: What it is and How it Works
- Army Officer Competitive Categories
- How to Pick the Right Army Officer Branch When You Get Commissioned
How to Earn Your Commission as an Army Officer
In essence, there are five ways to become an Army Officer.
# 1 Army Officer Candidate School: On Active Duty, enlisted Soldiers can submit a packet to attend Officer Candidate School, also known as OCS. Officer Candidates attend a rigorous OCS class to learn about leadership, military tactics and ethics.
Once they graduate, they are commissioned as new Second Lieutenants.
In the Army National Guard and Army Reserves, Officer Candidates can attend a phased OCS class.
Some candidates might choose to do the one-weekend-a-month class, while other candidates choose the accelerated OCS class.
# 2 United States Military Academy: Also known as West Point, the United States Military Academy has a proud tradition of producing quality Army Officers.
In fact, West Point is one of the most prestigious universities in America.
Once the student graduates from this four year institution, they are commissioned as a new Second Lieutenant.
# 3 Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC): R.O.T.C. allows “cadets” to take military leadership classes while they are pursuing a Bachelor’s degree at an accredited institution.
Upon graduation, they are commissioned as new Second Lieutenants.
Read more about my R.O.T.C. experience.
# 4 Direct Commission: A direct commission provides leaders in professional fields such as law, medicine and religion the opportunity to become an Army Commissioned Officer.
Upon completion of their Officer training program, they are commissioned at a rank determined by their career branch.
# 5 Military Junior College: The Army has five military junior colleges.
Some of these schools participate in the Early Commissioning Program that lets you get commissioned in just two years.
These schools include Valley Forge, Wentworth, Georgia Military Institute, Marion Military Institute, and New Mexico Military Institute.
Once a new Army Officer is commissioned as an Army Officer, they follow a career path based upon their basic branch, career field, their skill-set, desires, and duty assignments.
These career fields vary widely and will be discussed in other pages on this website.
I will also add that there is one other way a soldier can be commissioned, but it hasn’t been used since Vietnam.
It is field commission, in which a soldier is raised to Officer level in the field.
This has become nearly non-existent.
In conclusion, there are three types of Army Officers: Non-Commissioned Officers, Warrant Officers and Commissioned Officers.
Serving as an Army Officer is a challenging, fun and rewarding career.
Leading troops into combat is an awesome responsibility.
For nearly 250 years, Army Officers have served their nation with distinction.
And, they continue to do so today.
What are your thoughts?
Have you served as an officer before?
Leave a comment below to share your story and experience.
Thank you and have a great day.