In today’s post, I want to share 20 cool facts about the Army National Guard that you might not know about. I found all of these facts very interesting and figured you would too. They are listed in no particular order.
# 1 The National Guard was founded on December 13, 1636, nearly 380 years ago. It is older than our country itself!
# 2 Prior to 1916 the National Guard was known as the state militia. Up until that time there was nothing “national” about it. Each militia was a state asset.
# 3 Citizen Soldiers have fought in every major conflict from 1637 until today.
# 4 There are nineteen Army National Guard units with campaign credit for the War of 1812.
# 5 More than 60,000 Guardsmen were called to serve in Desert Storm.
# 6 The authorized strength for the Army National Guard in 2014 was just over 350,000 Soldiers. In recent years, they have been reducing the force structure.
# 7 The Washington DC National Guard is the only federal militia in the National Guard. It is controlled by the President.
# 8 The National Guard originally started with just three regiments, the North, East and South.
# 9 The First Militia Act of 1792 allowed the President to call up the militias in the event of a foreign invasion, in response to attacks by American Indians, and when required for the enforcement of federal law.
# 10 Approximately 140,000 Guardsmen were mobilized for the Korean War in the 1950s.
# 11 The National Guard started its dual role as a state-federal reserve force in 1933.
# 12 During the Spanish American War, many of Teddy Roosevelt’s Rough Riders were recruited from Texas, New Mexico and Arizona National Guardsmen.
# 14 The Army National Guard is expected to adhere to the same moral and physical standards as their “full-time” active duty and “part-time” reserve federal counterparts, event though they train one weekend a month and two weeks a year.
# 15 Three of the first five divisions to enter World War One were from the National Guard.
# 16 All 18 National Guard divisions all saw combat in World War II, and were split between the Pacific and European theatres.
# 17 Militia units made up 70% of the U.S. Army that fought the Mexican War in 1846 and 1847.
# 18 Four of the oldest units in the U.S. Army serve in the Massachusetts Army National Guard today: the 181st Infantry Regiment; the 182nd Cavalry Regiment; the 101st Field Artillery Regiment; and the 101st Engineer Battalion
# 19 The first militia companies were organized in the Plymouth Colony in 1621 and in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1629 in Salem.
# 20 Most of the regiments of the Continental Army, commanded by former militia colonel George Washington, were recruited from the militia.