In today’s post, I want to share 20 cool facts about the Army National Guard that you might not know about. I found all of these facts very interesting and figured you would too. They are listed in no particular order.
# 1 The National Guard was founded on December 13, 1636, nearly 380 years ago. It is older than our country itself!
# 2 Prior to 1916 the National Guard was known as the state militia. Up until that time there was nothing “national” about it. Each militia was a state asset.
# 3 Citizen Soldiers have fought in every major conflict from 1637 until today.
# 4 There are nineteen Army National Guard units with campaign credit for the War of 1812.
# 5 More than 60,000 Guardsmen were called to serve in Desert Storm.
# 6 The authorized strength for the Army National Guard in 2014 was just over 350,000 Soldiers. In recent years, they have been reducing the force structure.
# 7 The Washington DC National Guard is the only federal militia in the National Guard. It is controlled by the President.
# 8 The National Guard originally started with just three regiments, the North, East and South.
# 9 The First Militia Act of 1792 allowed the President to call up the militias in the event of a foreign invasion, in response to attacks by American Indians, and when required for the enforcement of federal law.
# 10 Approximately 140,000 Guardsmen were mobilized for the Korean War in the 1950s.
# 11 The National Guard started its dual role as a state-federal reserve force in 1933.
# 12 During the Spanish American War, many of Teddy Roosevelt’s Rough Riders were recruited from Texas, New Mexico and Arizona National Guardsmen.
# 14 The Army National Guard is expected to adhere to the same moral and physical standards as their “full-time” active duty and “part-time” reserve federal counterparts, event though they train one weekend a month and two weeks a year.
# 15 Three of the first five divisions to enter World War One were from the National Guard.
# 16 All 18 National Guard divisions all saw combat in World War II, and were split between the Pacific and European theatres.
# 17 Militia units made up 70% of the U.S. Army that fought the Mexican War in 1846 and 1847.
# 18 Four of the oldest units in the U.S. Army serve in the Massachusetts Army National Guard today: the 181st Infantry Regiment; the 182nd Cavalry Regiment; the 101st Field Artillery Regiment; and the 101st Engineer Battalion
# 19 The first militia companies were organized in the Plymouth Colony in 1621 and in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1629 in Salem.
# 20 Most of the regiments of the Continental Army, commanded by former militia colonel George Washington, were recruited from the militia.
Thanks for reading these 20 cool facts about the Army National Guard. Feel free to leave a comment below and tell me which fact you enjoy the most. I look forward to hearing from you.